Programme des journées Margaret Fuller
9-10 octobre 2009
Mis en ligne par :
Mise à jour: 12 septembre 2009.
Groupe Européen d’Etude de Littérature Américaine du 19ème Siècle
Avec le concours de l’EAAS (European Association for American Studies) et du groupe de recherche FAAAM (Femmes-Auteures Anglaises et Américaines)
Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense
Vendredi 9 octobre :
14h30 : Conférence du Professeur Jeffrey Steele (University of Madison, Wisconsin) : “"Margaret Fuller’s Poetics of Transfiguration"”
15h30 - 18h30 : Discussion de l’ensemble du groupe conduite par le professeur Steele autour des questions suivantes :
- In the Memoirs, how do the two autobiographical sketches in Part I (the “unfinished sketch of youth”/”autobiographical romance” and the account of a mystical experience at age 21) set the terms for Fuller’s construction of identity ? How do dualistic structures function in these accounts ? What symbols, situations, and literary strategies does Fuller use to represent her subjectivity ?
- In the Memoirs, what is Ralph Waldo Emerson’s attitude toward Fuller’s mysticism ? What attitudes and assumptions shape his portrait of Fuller’s arcane interests ? If one considers Fuller’s mythological and mystical interests as the imaginative foundation of her feminist mythmaking, how does Emerson’s reaction help us to measure his distance from her feminized model of “self-reliance” in Woman in the Nineteenth Century ?
- How does William Henry Channing’s account of Fuller’s mysticism supplement Emerson’s version ? What important factors does Channing add to the equation ? (Remember that Channing was the male correspondent who was most sympathetic to Fuller’s religious and mystical tendencies.)
- How does the mythic language of Fuller’s 22 October 1840 letter to Caroline Sturgis, “Leila,” and her 1844 poetry help us to understand the mythic substratum of Woman in the Nineteenth Century ? (In this regard, it is useful to consider the figure of Leila as a composite Goddess figure, combining attributes of Isis, Artemis, Diana, the Virgin Mary etc.)
- The essay “Asylum for Discharged Female Convicts” reminds us that the transmission of affect or sentiment played an important role in Fuller’s political writings. I have coined the term “sentimental Transcendentalism” to characterize the hybrid literary mode that results from the mixture of Transcendentalist idealism and the politics of sympathy. How does this mixture of idealism and feeling shape Fuller’s most famous political writings : Woman in the Nineteenth Century and her European dispatches ?
- Fuller’s New-York Tribune essay, “Our City Charities,” represents the focus of her writing as “public attention.” How do other texts, such as Woman in the Nineteenth Century and her European dispatches, attempt to mold public attention ? Since these works include representations of social conditions, literary allusions, mythical references, and highly symbolic language, what can we conclude concerning Fuller’s understanding of “attention” ?
- What literary strategies and techniques (especially, symbolic and figurative language) does Fuller use to represent collective political movements, such as the woman’s movement and the revolutionary upheavals of 1848 ?
- To what extent can we read Fuller’s figurative language as a psychological and—later—a political application of the symbolism of alchemy ? (Alchemy, we remember, involves the material transformation of substances through processes such as sublimatio/ sublimation, purifactio/ purification, moritfactio/ ’dying,’ calcinatio/ calcination etc.) Other related questions : How does Fuller symbolize transformation and change ? How do symbolic patterns of death, rebirth, and transfiguration function in her writing ?
20h : DINER A PARIS
Samedi 10 octobre
9h30 : ANTOINE TRAISNEL (Université Lille III, France) : “The Resistance to Translation in Woman in the 19th Century”
10h : CLAUDE SAFIR (Université Paris VIII, France) : “Creative Correspondences : Margaret Fuller’s New Voice”
10h30 : PAUSE
11h : ASUNCION LOPEZ-VARELA (Complutense University, Madrid, Spain) : “Issues of Privacy and Literary Property in 19th Century American Women Authors : The Cases of Margaret Fuller and Fanny Fern”
11h30 : KIMBERLY ENGBER (Wichita State University, Ks, USA) : “Gendering Ethnoscapes in the Travel Writing of Margaret Fuller and Isabella Bird”
12h30 : DEJEUNER SUR PLACE
14h : KASIA KUCZMA (University of Poznan, Poland) : “The Garden and the Bookshelf. Fuller’s American and European Travels”
14:30 MARIANA NET (Iorgu Iordan - Al. Rosetti Institute of Linguistics, Bucharest, Romania) : “Margaret Fuller – A Woman in the 19th Century”
15:30 JELENA SESNIC (Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Zagreb, Croatia) : “Dark Ladies : Figures of Dark Femininity in Antebellum American Literature, 1820-1860”
16:00 VERENA LASCHINGER (Fatih University, Istanbul, Turkey) : “Bayard Taylor in Istanbul”
16:30 BRIGITTE ZAUGG (Université de Metz, France) : “Ellen Glasgow’s Gothic Universe”
20h : DINER A PARIS
Pour tout renseignement s’adresser à Marie-Claude Perrin-Chenour